The mounting tuition costs and ROI considerations are enough to worry Joseph Orsolini, a CFP in Glen Ellyn, Ill. who is saving for his two sons--in first grade and fourth grade--to go to college.
Since his kids were born, he's used a Coverdell Education Savings Account (a tax-advantaged plan similar to a 529) and saves $100 monthly while kicking in extra for birthdays and Christmas to max out the $2,000 annual limit. He's also considering adding an in-state 529 to take advantage of the Illinois 529 tax credit.
"I am highly aware of and anxious about the future cost of college," he told MainStreet. "The choice is either write lots of small checks over a long time or a few big checks when they go to college. Smaller checks are easier."
Orsolini also has a few tricks up his sleeve: he realizes that room and board together costs about $9,000 annually, and so he may think about having his kids choose a school closeby so they can live at home for a few years to net significant savings.
And he's not alone in more actively weighing the benefits of alternative education routes, according to Michael Fitzgerald, chair of the College Savings Plans Network and State Treasurer of Iowa.
"Some of these students going off to schools...really like art and art education, but it's a four-year degree and I pay $80,000 to 100,000 for it?" Fitzgerald said. "Is that worth it? Is that the right way to go about it?"
529 Plans and their ilk are in place so that people can be prudent for their financial future, but those paying for college are also getting more discretionary about which schools are worth the money.
"Families are looking at is college worth it and what college is worth it?" Fitzgerald said. "Is training and education worth it? The Ivy League, if you don't have the money--maybe it's not worth spending the rest ofyour life trying to pay off."
In other words, why pay a hefty tuition price tag if your kid is going to end up unemployed and living in your basement as you pay off debt? That's why, beyond the typical savings mechanisms to foot a huge bill and general penny pinching, those planning ahead for college would do well to opt for a few outside-the-box savings options to avoid getting saddled with debt.
1) Think in State
The University of Virginia costs $37,000 for carpetbaggers but only $12,000 (a third of the price) for those in-state. Yet, you don't necessarily need to be a resident to score the discount.
In certain parts of the country, states are grouped together as "acadmic common markets"; in one such contingent, the "New England Board of Higher Education" includes Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont and allows out-of-state students in the region to apply for in-state tuition if they're planning to major in a subject not offered in their homestate public universities.
2) Go to a public institution or start at a two-year school
New York University is the most expensive private school (with an annual price-tag of $60,407), but according to the National Center for Educational Statistics, the annual price for public colleges is more than $18,000 less than the average price of private ones.
To boot, students can net savings by starting out at a junior college for a couple thousand bucks a year and finish up at a four-year university. Maybe that's why of those surveyed who have children in college, 22% are sending the children to a private four-year institution, whereas only 11% of those looking down the road to send their children to college and use their savings are anticipating a four-year institution, according to the GfK survey.
3) Go over the border
Scotland's St. Andrews and the University of Edinburghnot to mention Trinity in Dublin Irelandare prestigious institutions at a fraction of the cost of American private schools. To boot, McGill University and Concordia University in Montreal are 3/5 the cost of tuition at comparable private institutions in the U.S.
4) Go with an MOOC (a massive online open course)
MOOCs first appeared on the higher education landscape in 2008 but gained traction when top universities endorsed them and provided access to their courses
. The popular providers of MOOCs include Coursera, Udacity, edX and NovoEd. You can get a top education without paying $50,000 a year. In fact, MOOCs
are evolving with Coursera recently announcing that it will soon add an "app platform" to allow universities to add interactive instructional tools. Coursera also offers certificates for courses at fees ranging from $30 to $100. The legitimacy is ever expanding: the American Council on Education recently approved five Coursera courses for degree credit.
5) Get Crafty
The Department of Education College Affordability and Transparency Center generates reports based on your selected criteria and emphasizes value. It reveals that tuition in the U.S. is only $910 at the private Berea College in Kentucky and somehow almost half that ($430) at that lowest-priced public school: Haskell Indian Nations University in Kansas. It may not be Harvard, but with tuition that low, you'll save some $224,000 over the four years.
--Written by Ross Kenneth Urken for MainStreet
About the Survey
Results contained in this report are based on a Roper poll by GfK North America. Telephone interviews were conducted from July 12-15, 2013 among a total of 1,004 adult Americans. The margin of error for this study is +/- 3 percentage points for the total sample.