The market research group found that the gap between the promises states made for public employees’ retirement benefits and the money actually set aside for those payouts had grown to at least $1.26 trillion in fiscal year 2009, a 26% increase from 2008. Pew’s analysis is based on data from states’ individual 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Reports.
State pension plans make up slightly more than half of the shortfall, with $2.28 trillion being stowed away to cover $2.94 trillion in long-term liabilities, resulting in an almost $660 billion gap.
Retiree health care and other benefits, which are largely guaranteed by unions, accounted for the remaining $604 billion shortfall, with states having set aside only about $31 billion of the $635 billion they will owe in those liabilities.
The gap arose from struggling states’ failure to stay current on annual contributions to their pension funds and the fact that they used the funds they had previously set aside to address more pressing budget constraints.
“In many states, the bill for public sector retirement benefits already threatens strained budgets, and is competing for resources with other critical needs, including education, infrastructure and health care,” Susan Urahn, managing director for the Pew Center on the States, explained in a press release.
In all, state pension systems were almost 78% funded—a drop of six percentage points from 2008’s level of 84%. According to Pew, the Government Accountability Office recommends that states maintain at least an 80% funding level.