NEW YORK (MainStreet) —In no-fault states, auto insurance policy holders of personal injury protection (PIP) are comfortably reimbursed for car accidents by their own insurance companies without proof of fault and are restricted from seeking compensation in court from other parties. Sounds good but higher underwriting loss ratios in no-fault states reflect, at least in part, a higher frequency of fraudulent claims.
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“Premiums are higher in no fault states,” said Douglas Pawlowski, an analyst with Fitch Ratings in Chicago. “When you track loss ratios over five years, these 12 states have a higher loss ratio than all the other states. Losses are 12 % higher.”
Currently, twelve states have no fault insurance laws. They include Florida, Hawaii, Kansas, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, New Jersey, North Dakota, Pennsylvania and Utah.
“Critics of no fault insurance believe insurers are not adequately charging their more reckless drivers, are undercompensating victims of fraudulent accidents and charging honest drivers higher premiums,” Pawlowski said. The upside of no fault insurance is sidestepping litigation costs, reimbursing the insured for their injuries more quickly and avoiding the risk of uninsured motorists.
However when fraud enters the picture, the disadvantages of PIP potentially outweigh the benefits. “Auto insurance is a significant area for us because it takes up a high percentage of the types of fraud we’re seeing occur on the streets,” said Howard Goldblatt, director of government affairs at the Coalition Against Insurance Fraud (CAIF) in Washington, D.C.
Fraudsters in a crash ring are known to intentionally stage a swoop and stop in front of unsuspecting, innocent drivers, causing an accident.
“They target luxury brand cars, such as Lexus and Cadillac, because their drivers tend to have better insurance coverage,” said Lou Beniamino, executive vice president with GlobalOptions Inc., which manages national special investigations unit in insurance claims and transactions that are suspected of fraud activity. “These con artists load their car with multiple people and claim all the occupants suffered subjective types of back and neck injuries, which are physically hard to disprove.” About twenty states have passed anti-fraud laws based on the CAIF's model insurance fraud bill including Maine, Tennessee, Maryland, Alabama, New Mexico, Colorado, Minnesota and Florida.