NEW YORK (MainStreet) — The most serious problem facing taxpayers — and the IRS — is the complexity of the Internal Revenue Code, National Taxpayer Advocate Nina E. Olson says in her annual report to Congress.
The Internal Revenue Code requires the advocate to submit a report to Congress each year to, among other things, identify at least 20 of the most serious problems encountered by taxpayers and to make administrative and legislative recommendations to correct those problems.
Topping the list this year:
Since 2001, Congress has made nearly 5,000 changes to the tax code, an average of more than one a day, and the number of words in the code appears to have reached nearly 4 million.
“Tax law complexity leads to perverse results," the Wednesday report says. "On the one hand, taxpayers who honestly seek to comply with the law often make inadvertent errors, causing them to either overpay their tax or become subject to IRS enforcement action for mistaken underpayments. On the other hand, sophisticated taxpayers often find loopholes that enable them to reduce or eliminate their tax liabilities.”
“To reduce taxpayer burden and enhance public confidence in the integrity of the tax system, the National Taxpayer Advocate urges Congress to vastly simplify the tax code. In general, this means paring back the number of income exclusions, exemptions, deductions and credits (generally known as ‘tax expenditures)."
The advocate recommends that Congress take several steps, including: consider holding meetings with constituents to discuss the complexity of the existing tax code and the tradeoffs between tax rates and tax breaks tax reform will require; employ a ‘zero-based budgeting’ approach to comprehensive tax reform that starts out with the assumption that all tax benefits will be eliminated and adds tax benefits back only if members conclude that the public policy benefits of running the provision or program through the tax code outweigh the complexity burden; and direct the IRS to provide each taxpayer with a ‘taxpayer receipt’ in conjunction with the filing of a tax return that shows how the taxpayer’s tax payments will be spent.